Business in LIVESTOCK sector

Small or medium sized business in Livestock sector offers many opportunities in Pakistan. But it is important that those who want to select & pursue such business should have some knowledge, experience and most importantly passion for the livestock  sector. Otherwise, the probability for failure may be high.

Below are some of the selected businesses in livestock sector.  SMEDA has also made very good pre-feasibility studies on this sector.

For the complete detailed pre-feasibility reports, you will first have to register with SMEDA and then you can download it FREE.

For registration, you may click the link:  SMEDA Registration

Below are the summarized versions of the pre-feasibility reports by SMEDA on Business in Livestock sector for you to get an idea before you download the full version.

1 - Calf Fattening Farm [Mar-2009]

Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 2-5 Million

The objective of the pre-feasibility study is primarily to facilitate potential entrepreneurs to facilitate investment and provide an overview about dairy and livestock farming. The project pre-feasibility may form the basis of an important investment decision and in order to serve this objective, the document covers various aspects of dairy and livestock concept development, start-up, production, finance and business management. The document also provides sectoral information, brief on government policies and international scenario, which have some bearing on the project itself. This particular pre-feasibility is regarding “Calf Fattening Farm” which comes under “Livestock and Agriculture” sector. Before studying the whole document one must consider following critical aspects, which form the basis of any investment decision.

2 - Camel Farming [Aug-2012]

Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 1-2 Million

The camel farming is a project of livestock sector, in which, the camels would be raised for both milk and meat purpose. The camel breeder herd would be raised on the conventional farming system. The adult breeding herd would be procured from local animal market. The milk of the camel cow would be sold directly to consumers or processing companies. In addition, the farm would work for the production of camels for sacrificial purpose as well as meat purpose. A herd of 40 camels would be sufficient to start the farm, having 2 males and 38 female camels. 70% of the female camels would purchased are assumed to be pregnant and would give birth after 6 months. Through out the project life 70% of the female camels in the parent herd are assumed to give birth to 27 camel calves every two years. The lactation period of female camels lasts around a year. The male camels would be raised for 2 years and sold in different animal markets. The specific requirement would be met by maintaining the herd in harsh environments, and would be provided proper feed and good animal husbandry practices which would be monitored by the concerned staff.

3 - Environment Controlled Layer Farm - 30,000 Birds [Mar-2012]

Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 20-50 Million

Environmental Controlled Layer Farm is a Live Stock based project. This can be started in both rural and urban areas. The focus of the commercial environmental controlled shed layer industry is the production of eggs under intensive husbandry. The egg component includes production of white and brown eggs that are either marketed in the bulk processed, or sold as value-added products. Day old chicks of Layer are initially reared for a period of 18 weeks. On completion of rearing period, the birds then start laying eggs for a period of next 82 weeks (19 months). On an average, one layer lays about 480 eggs per laying season of 82 weeks. After the completion of laying period, the layers are sold in the market as culled birds. The selling price of these birds is determined on per bird basis. It should be kept in mind that many factors must be considered when evaluating the welfare implications of a particular management procedure, including the health, productivity, physiology, and behavior of the layer chicks.

4 - Environmental Controlled Poultry Farm (30,000 Birds) [Feb-2008]

Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 10-20 Million

The poultry farm is a project of livestock sector, in which, the day old chicks (DOCs) are raised on high protein feed for a period of six weeks. Broiler meat is the cheapest source of animal protein available in the country. The time required for rearing broiler birds is lesser than that for large animals. The consumption of white meat is increasing due to growing health consciousness in the masses. Broiler farming is a profitable venture due to continuous increasing demand of the meat in the market. Annually, seven flocks of birds will be reared on the same premises of the farm. The broiler birds are sold to traders and the whole sellers markets in the urban areas. Some times birds can also be sold directly to the shopkeepers in the urban markets.

5 - Environmentally Controlled Poultry Farm (60,000 birds) [May-2010]

Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 20-50 Million

The Environmental Controlled Poultry Farm is a project of livestock sector, in which, the day old chicks (DOCs) are raised on high protein feed for an approximate period of six weeks. Broiler meat is the cheapest source of animal protein available in the country. The time required for rearing broiler birds is lesser than that for large animals. The consumption of white meat is increasing due to growing health consciousness in the masses. Broiler farming in controlled environment is a profitable venture due to continuous increasing demand of the white meat in the market. Annually, seven flocks of birds will be reared on the same premises of the farm. The broiler birds are sold to traders and the whole sellers markets in the urban areas. Some times birds can also be sold directly to the shopkeepers in the urban markets. This unit is proposed for the rearing of broilers. These birds are marked for white meat purpose to the masses. The broiler chicks will be purchased from private hatcheries. A flock of 60,000 commercial broiler chicks will be bought after every 52 days. The chicks will be set in brooding on litter floor providing specific requirement during 0-4 week and then finishing phase from 4-6 weeks. The entire specific requirement will be met by automatic operations of temperature control, feeding and nipple drinking system, which will be monitored by the concerned staff. After marketing of broiler approximately at 6 weeks of age the broiler house will be given 15 days for the preparation to receive the new flock. During these days, proper cleaning, washing, white washing, disinfection and fumigation will be performed prior to the arrival of the new flock. During flock, strict measures for bio-security will be observed at the unit.

6 - Intensive Goat Breeding Farm [Dec-2009]

Region: Balochistan
Investment Size: PKR Between 1-2 Million

The farm will serve as breeding and rearing farm for goats. The project can be established in promising areas for goat breeding where abundance of fresh water is available. The proposed farm will ensure the breeding of disease free animal as it will overcome the disadvantage of bringing the diseases from the animal markets (Mandi). The project will attain a completely new breed through the cross of the female local goats with the crossed male goats, like Kamori etc. By this, after two breeding cycles the project will develop its own breed that is most suitable to the local environment. The total project investment is Rs. 4.78 million with a Project Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of 28 %. The total project investment would be paid back in approximately 4.15 years.

7 - Layer Farming (10000 Birds) [Jun-2013]

Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 5-10 Million

Layer farm business is an Live Stock based project. This can be started in both rural and semi-urban areas. According to the current industry practice, poultry sheds are available on rent basis. These sheds have complete required facilities and equipment. The rent varies between Rs 1.5 to Rs 2 per square feet depending upon the location and facilities at the farm. Major portion of the cost includes bird feed. Day old chicks of Layer are initially reared for a period of 5-6 months. On completion of 5-6 months, the birds then start laying eggs for a period of next 52 weeks (12 months). On an average, one layer lays about 300 eggs per laying season of 52 weeks. After the completion of laying period, the layers are sold in the market as culled birds. The selling price of these birds is determined on per bird basis.

8 - Livestock Semen Production Unit (Cattle & Buffalo) [Mar-2008]

Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 2-5 Million

Livestock is an important component of Pakistan’s population since 30 - 35 million rural population is involved in livestock raising. Average household holdings are 2-3 cattle/ buffalo, 3-4 sheep/goats and 10-12 poultry per family which contribute 35 to 40 percent of their income. Government gives high priority to its development and is focused on private sector led development of livestock. Underpinning the importance of livestock the government instead of maintaining the previous practices of making livestock a part of the National Agriculture Policy has formulated an independent Livestock Development Policy, providing a framework for accelerated development of livestock. This policy not only addresses the need of the small livestock farmers for whom livestock is a supplementary income source but also includes measures to develop small and medium livestock enterprises and an incentive framework for setting up large livestock farms. The Livestock Census 2006 carried out by the Agricultural Census Organization have been released. According to the Census, the share of livestock in agriculture growth has jumped from 25.3 percent in 1996 to 49.6 percent in 2006. The higher growth in the livestock sector was mainly attributed to growth not only in the headcount of livestock, which is commercially important but also in the milk production.

9 - Poultry Breeder Farm [May-2008]

Region: Balochistan
Investment Size: PKR Between 1-2 Million

In poultry breeder farm day old chicks (DOCs) of commercial parent breeders are reared to laying stage of eggs production. These farm house birds produce fertile eggs for hatching. At the end of their productive life, approximately 67 weeks, the birds are removed for chicken meat processing. After each breeding cycle, the used litter and manure is also removed from the breeder sheds

10 - Poultry Farm (7,500 Broiler Birds) [Jun-2010]

Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 1-2 Million

Poultry Farm 7500 Broiler Birds Jun 2010

11 - Quail Breeder Farm And Hatchery (80,000 Quail Eggs) [Feb-2012]

Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 5-10 Million

The Quail Breeder Farm and Hatchery is a project of the livestock sector, in which day old chicks (DOCs) are produced from fertilized eggs of quail breeders reared on the farm. The unit is proposed to cater to the demand of quail meat farmers? for production of DOCs. Quail breeder flock would be bought and reared on the farm and their fertilized eggs artificially incubated for 18 days in a Hatchery machine on the same premises to produce DOCs. These DOCs are sold to farmers in rural and periurban areas directly as there is an increasing trend to include quail meat in diet as rich source of protein. The proposed project initiates with the purchase of around 3,361 quail breeders in year 1, having 30% male and 70% female quail birds. This size of the flock is increased at a rate of 10% every year going up to 5,601 quail breeders in year 5. The eggs produced would be placed in the hatchery machine batch-wise. A total of 121 batches are assumed per year, these batches will be placed in the hatchery machine every 3 days. The size of the batch would increase with the size of the breeder flock. The breeder flock would be purchased according to the required egg production per batch. In year 1, the proposed breeder flock would lay eggs that fulfil 60% of the total capacity; the remaining 40% of the hatchery machines? capacity would be rented out to other farmers who require incubation services. Increasing the size of the breeder flock at a rate of 10% every year would eventually utilize 100% egg capacity of the hatchery machines and rental services would no longer be offered. After 18 days of incubation of fertilized eggs DOCs will be produced; these DOCs would be sold immediately to farmers. The project?s specific requirement of temperature and humidity control in hatchery and feeding, drinking and lighting system for breeder flock would be monitored regularly. After every 12 months, new breeder stock would be reared to produce continuous supply of fertilized eggs. The previous breeder flock would be sold to farmers for slaughtering. Two days would be spent in proper cleaning, washing, white washing, disinfection and fumigation prior to the arrival of new flock. During flock rearing, strict measures for bio-security should be observed at the unit.

12 - Quail Farming [May-2009]

Region: Punjab
Investment Size: PKR Between 2-5 Million

The quail farming is a project of livestock sector, in which, the day old chicks (DOCs) are raised on high protein feed for a period of 28 days. Quail meat is the good source of animal protein available in the country as compared to broiler. The time required for rearing quail birds is lesser than that for large animals as well as broilers. The consumption of white meat is increasing due to growing health consciousness in the masses. Annually, 11 flocks of birds will be reared on the same premises of the farm. Quails are sold to traders and the whole seller markets in the urban areas. Quails meat is also sold directly to the hotels inside the country. This unit will work for the production of quails. These birds are marked for meat purpose to the common masses. The quail chicks will be purchased from private hatchery. A flock of 40,000 commercial broiler chicks will be bought monthly, 10,000 DOCs per week. The chicks will be set in brooding on litter floor providing specific requirement 7 days and then finishing phase from 21 days. The entire specific requirement will be met by temperature control, feeding and drinking system, which will be monitored by the concerned staff. After marketing of broiler at 28th day of age the quail house will be given 3 days for the preparation to receive the new flock. During this week, proper cleaning, washing, white washing, disinfection and fumigation will be performed prior to the arrival of the new flock. During flock rearing, strict measures for bio-security will be observed at the unit. In the last ten years, the little known Japanese quail [Coturnix Japanica] has been introduced to the Pakistan as an alternative avian species in the progressing of poultry industry to mitigate chronic protein deficiency among the Pakistani population. The Japanese quails are now contributing to broiler and layer type commercial quails. An exclusive quail market segment has lately been growing within the poultry meat sector to cater to the quality conscious meat consumers. Now, quail meat is not only regarded as a restaurant delicacy but is also consumed in quantity by the public due to its affordable prices. Approximately, one out of every ten broiler chicken consumers opts for quail. Domesticated quails differ from wild Coturnix Japanica, which are protected under the Wild Life (Protection) Act in Pakistan. The introduction of the Japanese quail has opened a new path and an alternative for poultry farmers. Quail has also been identified worldwide as a laboratory animal because of its salient characteristics that include rapid growth, early sex maturity, short generation interval and prolificacy in egg production.

13 - Semi Intensive Sheep Farm [May-2011]

Region: Balochistan
Investment Size: PKR Between 1-2 Million

The farm will serve as breeding and rearing farm for sheep. The project can be established in promising areas for sheep breeding where the average rainfall is at least 250 to 400 ml/year. Once the production of the farm attains its full capacity, it could also supply sheep to other parts of the country.

14 - Sheep Fattening Farm [Jun-2008]

Region: Balochistan
Investment Size: PKR Between 1-2 Million

The farm will serve the purpose of fattening of sheep. The project can be established in parts of the country where sheep farming is already taking place. Livestock producers can obtain three to four flocks in one year depending upon their production and management techniques. The maximum Capacity of the farm is taken as 490 animals in one production cycle. The animals can be marketed in the local Piri as well as sold directly to the meat shops. The total project investment is Rs. 4.5 million with a Project Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of 30% against the Capital Cost (WACC) of 16%. The total project investment would be paid back in approximately 3.82 years


For the complete detailed pre-feasibility reports on business in Livestock sector, you will first have to register with SMEDA and then you can download it FREE.

For registration, you may click the link:  SMEDA Registration



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